A Guide to British Sterling Silver Hallmarks

Silver Dictionary’ of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu , a pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington , history, oddities This makes difficult the research of information for inexperienced people. The objective of this page is to help the visitors of the site in deciphering the marks of their British silverplate. A set of symbols imitating the shape of sterling silver hallmarking. These are “generic marks ” used by various silverplate makers. In this case the “S” stands for “Sons”. In this case the “S” stands for “Sheffield”. G into a shield is accompanied by symbols and letters into four different outlines imitating a sterling hallmark. In most cases was accompanied by the initials B.

MAPPIN & WEBB

The first step in identifying and establishing the value of silver is to ascertain whether the piece is silver or silver-plated. Sterling silver objects are made of Unfortunately, silver-plated items hold almost no monetary worth. There is not enough silver content to have melt down value and generally, these pieces do not retain their resale value.

Walker & Hall Date Letters Walker & Hall made both silver plate and “solid” or sterling silver. Your pot is silver plated. is the catalogue number. 23 is the​.

Tags: antique jewellery , Antique Jewelry , British Hallmarks , dating hallmarked jewelry , English 18th c. Did you recently purchase your first piece of English antique jewelry? Would you like to know what the marks stamped on your jewelry mean? While most of this post is for those new to the English hallmarking system, there is at least one piece of information that I guarantee you will be news to a number of collectors and perhaps even a few dealers, read on to find out. A hallmark identifies the type of precious metal and the fineness or purity of that metal.

Today a hallmark is a legal requirement in the U. If an article contains precious metals and is described as such, it must be hallmarked. Hallmarking in England dates back to when King Edward I, passed legislation to prevent fraud by goldsmiths. Silver had to be. Source: Assay Office, London. As the years passed, the standards required for gold changed and vairous Assay Offices were established. Some opened and closed more than once over their long history. See the list of Assay Offices and their dates below.

Silver Plate or Silverplate?

Our illustrated guide highlights the subtle ways you can discover the origins of any piece of silver. One of the most common inquiries at antique shows often has to do with authenticity: How do you know whether or not something is made of real silver? Collectors aren’t always looking for pure sterling silver , per se, but they should be able to know the value and composition of the pieces they’re buying.

Most of the time, you can find the information you’re looking for by simply taking a closer look at the teaspoon , fish fork, ice cream saw, or cheese scoup that you’re eyeing.

Searching for “elkington date letters” gives this site as the first hit. I think you may find what you want there. The letter opener is plated, not solid silver.

The vast majority of English, Scottish and Irish silver produced in the last years is stamped with either 4 or 5 symbols, known as hallmarks. The prime purpose of these marks is to show that the metal of the item upon which they are stamped is of a certain level of purity. The metal is tested and marked at special offices, regulated by the government, known as assay offices.

Only metal of the required standard will be marked. It is a form of consumer protection, whose origin goes back almost years. There are so many different hallmarks found on British silver that to know all of them would be impossible. Fortunately, with the use of a single reference book, it is possible for even a complete novice to decipher the vast majority.

Although there are many books on the market which can be used to help read hallmarks, the standard book of reference, used by dealers and collectors world wide is Bradbury’s Book of Hallmarks. This pocket sized reference contains all of the marks that one is likely to encounter on a regular basis. Armed with this book, the process of reading these marks can be split into the 5 simple steps shown below.

Bradbury’s book of hallmarks was last updated in by the Sheffield Assay office. It can be purchased directly from there or from any major book seller. There are 5 standard marks found on British Silver The walking lion for all sterling silver made in England The standing lion for all sterling silver made in Glasgow The thistle for for all sterling silver made in Edinburgh The crowned harp for all sterling silver made in Dublin The image of Britannia for Britannia standard silver.

Simply flick through the book, looking at the top of the tables of marks to remind yourself if you forget.

Hall marks on gold and silver plate

Old French plate : a handbook for the collector : with tables of the Paris date-letters, and facsimiles of other marks. Old silver and old Sheffield plate; a history of the silversmith’s art in Great Britain and Ireland. The book of old silver: English, American, foreign; with all available hallmarks, including Sheffield plate marks.

British date marks use letters from A – Z to represent dates. No plate or silver or sterling references just number and what looks like a stamp of.

To ensure you the best experience, we use cookies on our website for technical, analytical and marketing purposes. By continuing to browse our site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. It was Edward I who first passed a statute requiring all silver to be of sterling standard — a purity of parts per thousand — ushering in a testing or assay system that has survived for over years.

The statute made it the responsibility of the Wardens of the Goldsmiths’ Guild to mark all items of sterling standard with a leopard’s head stamp. Today there are still offices in Edinburgh, where hallmarking has been regulated since the 15th century, and in Birmingham and Sheffield, where assay offices were established by an Act of Parliament in The leopard’s head silver hallmark, which has been used in various forms as the symbol of the London Assay Office since hallmarking began.

Most British and Irish silver carries a number of stamps indicating not just the standard or purity mark typically the lion passant but also the initials of the maker, a date letter and the place of assay. The Edinburgh mark is a three-turreted castle to which a thistle was added from until when a lion rampant replace the thistle ; the mark for Sheffield was a crown until when it was replaced by a rosette, while the symbol for silver made in Birmingham is an anchor.

Dublin silver is struck with a crowned harp, to which a seated figure of Hibernia was added in Sequences of historical marks for the following offices can be viewed through the links below reproduced courtesy of the British Hallmarking Council.

The Story of English Silver

I would like to know how old it is? Many English silverplate makers used crowns in their marks to mimic the crown used in Sheffield hallmarks. The practice stopped after the Sheffield assay office threatened legal action in , so your tray is at least that old. The “D” on your tray is the date mark. It was struck by the maker and not by the assay office. It indicates if it is surrounded by a square with clipped corners, if surrounded by a square with bulging sides on the left and right.

Silver hallmarks in the UK date back to the medieval period and the practice of applying However, the date letter system allows antique plate to be dated more​.

Founded in Walker and Hall were one of the few companies to obligingly marks their wares with a dating system. Collectors are now beginning to appreciate that early electro-plate is a long neglected area, and interest in the outstanding quality of these pieces is quickly growing. Being able to date a piece precisely not only adds interest to the piece but also value.

Covering the period from these tables will enable you to do just this. We were recently informed that the host for our website was closing down. So we have had to set up a nice new shiny one. It is rather basic and simple at the moment, but we will be working on it as time progresses. In the mean time we hope that everyone will head to www.

Please go and buy a book.

How to Identify and Determine the Value of your Silver

A silver object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more silver hallmarks indicating the purity of the silver, the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith, and other optional markings to indicate date of manufacture and additional information about the piece. In some countries, the testing of silver objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assayer’s office.

Hallmarks are applied with a hammer and punch, a process that leaves sharp edges and spurs of metal. Therefore, hallmarking is generally done before the piece goes for its final polishing.

United Kingdom and Ireland · A stamp indicating the purity of the silver is called the assayer’s mark. · The date mark is a letter indicating the exact year in which the.

EPC stands for electroplated copper. Though the term EPC refers to electroplating, the technique used to create Sheffield pieces was mainly mechanical and chemical. Early Sheffield plate is notoriously difficult to date because there was no legal requirement to hallmark an item until , according to Bryan Douglas Silver. Flip your silver item over and look around the surface for a hallmark.

Instead it is likely silver-plated nickel from the 19th century or later. Search for a symbol or initials on the metal. Old Sheffield Plate is usually identified using certain names and dates imprinted on the metal. Marks include two sun-shapes for Boulton. Many other makers have their names in small shapes or shields. Check the maker name against the date listed in a hallmark guide such as “Miller’s Silver and Plate Antiques Checklist” or “Bradbury’s Book of Hallmarks.

Note the decoration. Items in a gadroon rope-twist or shell border are usually Regency style, so likely date to the 19th century. Plain angular designs are often from a later period, such as the art deco style of the early 20th century.

Silver Collector Forums

Gwr brass cabside numberplate , its production was closed in sheffield. In an estimated x medals issued to the style of 71 – sheffield. Live auction: antique silver plated tea set including: an illustrated history of the ltd – 48 of 12 dessert spoons. Pair of its production was only an illustrated history, dating gorham silver accessories and webb silver plate marks, which were three such.

Find great deals on the world of its silverplate production was then the. Signs youre dating champaign urbanadating harrisburg pa kundli match making gujarati.

Sheffield silver is a term that describes the hand fusion of silver and copper and usually dates from to and is considered antique.

Many readers have importuned me to write a companion volume to my Chats on Old Silver , to complete the chain of evolution of the metal-smith’s art in regard to silver plate and silver plated ware. The invention was discovered and first practised at Sheffield, but it soon covered a wider area, and plated ware by fusion and rolled was made at Birmingham, London, Nottingham and elsewhere.

But it still retains the name of Sheffield Plate, and nothing can remove this title from the public mind, although it is a misnomer. Sheffield Plated Ware is a copy or simulation of real plate. It was, as this volume shows, possessed of considerable artistic qualities, it was fashioned by craftsmen who were masters of a clever technique, and it is, if not a lost art, certainly an art not practised in the old methods nor with the same exactitude nowadays, and as such it is worthy of the serious attention of the collector.

As to its artistry purists may cavil at its imitativeness. Although “imitation is the sincerest form of flattery” the contemporary silversmiths of London and elsewhere were far from flattered. They began to be alarmed at the growth of the manufacture, and protective Acts of Parliament were passed to safeguard the interests of silversmiths against competition by silver platers.

In regard to technique I have given sufficient details to enable collectors to identify their possessions and to take a further interest in details of craftsmanship. By permission of the Board of Education I am reproducing several designs from the copper-plate illustrations of the old Catalogues and [9] Pattern Books issued to buyers of their wares on the Continent of Europe by the leading firms of Sheffield in the eighteenth century.

In regard to information concerning the manufacture of plate by fusion at Dublin I am under an obligation to Dudley Westropp, Esq.

Silver Identification Guide

Your browser seems to be an outdated Internet Explorer 7, and we cannot guarantee your experience of the features on our website. Download and read more at Microsoft here. Like any date letters; date silver hallmarks can be found on Hallmarks are no longer compulsory there are 5 standard marks include german silver chat!

: Hall Marks on Gold & Silver Plate: Illustrated with Revised Tables of Annual Date Letters Employed in the Assay Offices of England, Scotland and.

The marks on the bottom of a piece of silver can be an indication of the age, maker, and origin of the piece. This is a list of American silver marks and solid American silver. Other lists include silver-plated wares and pewter. It will not help you to identify other silver. Four or five small pictorial marks usually indicate England as the country of origin.

Queen Victoria faces left.

What to do with Your Silver Plate